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      Summary of Events       Leading up to the Genocide

Somewhat surprisingly to many, Armenians and Turks lived in relative harmony in the Ottoman Empire for centuries. Armenians were known as the "loyal millet". During these times, although Armenians were not equal and had to put up with certain special hardships, taxes and second class citizenship, they were pretty well accepted and there was relatively little violent conflict. Things began to change...


1897 The urban Armenian population of Garin and Arabkir come out against the government . 

1880 AugustBy special order of the Turkish government, the word "Armenia" is forbidden for use in official documents.

1894 August 20-27 Sassun’s Gelie-guzan village massacre, known as the "Gelie-guzan Hole Carnage" takes place. Here, Turks inaugurate the system of slaughtering unarmed people, which later was the prototype for Hitler’s concentration camps...



    Armenians being marched out of Harput.        
                 more pictures
 Enver Pasha
Ismail Enver, known to Europeans during his political career as Enver Pasha (Istanbul, November 22, 1881 - August 4, 1922) was a military officer and a leader of the Young Turk revolution in the closing days of the Ottoman Empire. He was a vocal supporter of eliminating the non-Turkish population of the rump Ottoman Empire...
Talat Pasha 
Mehmed Talat Pasha (Turkish: Mehmet Talat Paşa) (1872-1921) was one of leaders of the Young Turks, Ottoman statesman, grand vizier (1917), and leading member of the Sublime Porte from 1913 until 1918. One of the architects of the Armenian Genocide...

 Sultan Abdul Hamid
In 1876 Sultan Abdul Hamid became king of the empire by the help of Medhat Pasha, who was at the head of the liberal groups. First the Sultan killed the Medhat Pasha and then in 1878 dissolved the national parliament and he himself was set at the head of affairs. He was a very tricky despot and meanwhile he was a blood-thirsty dictator. ..
 Cemal Pasha
Cemal (pronounced, and often spelled Jemal) was similarly killed by Stepan Dzaghikian, Bedros Der Boghosian and Ardashes Kevorkian in Tbilisi, Georgia.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
was the founder of the modern Turkish Republic in 1923...
Ottoman Empire 
The Christians and Jews had the subordinate status of dhimmis forced upon them: they had to buy protection from their Muslim rulers by paying the jizya tax...

September 5, 1915

Relief, Committee Asks Aid for Victims of Turkish Decrees

The American Armenian Relief Fund Committee has received two letters from Constantinople describing the horrors to which the Armenian Christians in Turkey are being subjected. One letter, dated June 15,1915 says in part: more

Many articles about the Armenian Genocide were printed in the New York Times at the time it was taking place.      You can read them at: Armenian Genocide Contemporary  Articles   more


Armenian diaspora community in the world
Paris has one of the largest Armenians communities in France.


































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