Armenian  National Committee of America

The Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA) is the largest and most influential Armenian American grassroots political organization. Working in coordination with a network of offices, chapters and supporters throughout the United States and affiliated organizations around the world, the ANCA actively advances the concerns of the Armenian American community on a broad range of issues.

Affiliated with ARF.




The Armenian Genocide: News Accounts From The American Press: 1915-1922

Compiled by Richard Kloian

This newly edited 2005 edition of 460 pages comprises more than 200 articles from The New York Times with bonus material from 1890-1909 reporting the massacres of Armenians in earlier periods, thus establishing the antecedents to the 1915 genocide. Also included are two analytical essays along with sixty full length articles from American periodicals of the time, including Ambassador Morgenthau's story as it was first made public and many other important documents. The book is available from Heritage Publishing, 5400 McBryde Avenue, Richmond, CA 94805. Price $35.00 plus $5.00 P&H (U.S. orders only). To read the articles online, visit :                 Armenian Genocide Contemporary Articles


- The Armenian Genocide FrontPage
- The Armenian Genocide
- The Sultans
- Genocide pictures
- Genocide Contemporary Articles

- The New York Times

- Diaspora community in the world

- Diaspora community in Iran

- The Armenia's Remarkable Alphabet
- Matenadaran ‘‘manuscript store’’


- The Armenian Apostolic Church
- The Armenia's History FrontPage
- Early Armenia: 900 B.C.-500 A.D.
- Medival Armenia and Cilicia. Part I
- Medival Armenia and Cilicia. Part II
- Falling to the Mongols, Turks & Persians
- Cilicia
- Urartu
- Armenia
- Ararat / Ağri Daği
- Aghtamar Island and Van Lake
- FrontPage  Lebanon-Beirut

- Beirut-Lebanon   -لبنان - بيروت

- Beqaa Valley
- Pictures from Lebanon
- Baalbek slide show
- The Umayyad ruins of Anjar Pictures



Armenian Genocide Contemporary Articles

The following pages link to this file:

Whole Plain Strewn By Armenian Bodies -nyt19150320
Appeal To Turkey to Stop Massacres -nyt19150428
Morgenthau Intercedes -nyt19150429
6,000 Armenians Killed -nyt19150518
Allies To Punish Turks Who Murder-nyt19150524
Turks Are Evicting Native Christians-nyt19150712
Wholesale Massacres Of Armenians By Turks-nyt19150729
Report Turks Shot Women And Children-nyt19150804
Armenian Horrors Grow-nyt19150806
Armenians Are Sent To Perish In Desert-nyt19150818
Burn 1,000 Armenians-nyt19150820
Armenians Dying In Prison Camps-nyt19150821
Turks Depopulate Towns Of Armenia-nyt19150827
Turks Massacre Armenians Of Ismid -nyt19150903
1,500,000 Armenians Starve -nyt19150905
An Autocratic Triumvirate -nyt19150914a
Answer Morgenthau By Hanging Armenians -nyt19150916
Mission Told Of Turkish Horrors -nyt19150917
 Bryce Asks Us To Aid Armenia -nyt19150921
500,000 Armenians Said To Have Perished -nyt19150924
Says Extinction Menaces Armenia -nyt19150925a
Tales Of Armenian Horrors Confirmed -nyt19150927
Armenian Women Put Up For Auction -nyt19150929
Armenian Officials Murdered By Turks -nyt19150930
Asks Bernstorff's Aid To Prevent Massacres -nyt19151001
Tell Of Horrors Done In Armenia -nyt19151004
Government Sends Plea For Armenia -nyt19151005
800,000 Armenians Counted Destroyed -nyt19151007
Letters Tell Of Outrages -nyt19151010c
Defends Repression Of The Armenians -nyt19151010d
Turkush Statesman Denounced Atrocities -nyt19151010e
Massacres Renewed: Morgenthau Reports -nyt19151013c
We Can Do Nothing Further -nyt19151016b
Armenian Leaders Answer Djelal Bey -nyt19151017
Thousands Protest Armenian Murders -nyt19151018b
Turkey Bars Red Cross -nyt19151019
Germany Says She Cannot Stop Turks -nyt19151023
Slay All Armenians In City Of Kerasunt -nyt19151026
Aid For Armenians Blocked By Turkey -nyt19151101
Armenians' Heroic Stand In The Mountains -nyt19151127a
Pope May Make New Plea To Kaiser -nyt19151209
Woman Describes Armenian Killings -nyt19151212
Million Armenians Killed Or In Exile -nyt19151215
Moslems Threatening War On Christians -nyt19141031
Report Christians In Peril In Turkey -nyt19141112
Erzerum Fanatics Slay Christians -nyt19141129
Turkish Peoples Misery -nyt19141205b
Hang Christians In Street -nyt19141205
Turkish Woman Revolt -nyt19141214
Says Turks Advise Christians To Flee -nyt19150111
Christians In Great Peril -nyt19150113
Predict A Massacre -nyt19150310
Poland, Serbia, Armenia -nyt19150325
Turks Renew Massacres -nyt19150322
Pillage In Smyrna District -nyt19150419
Turkey's Dream Of Power -nyt19150418a
Kurds Disgust The Turks -nyt19150418b
Von Der Goltz To Lead Turks -nyt19150420a
Enver Says Turks Had To Fight -nyt19150420b
Kurds Massacre More Armenians -nyt19150426
Plot To Blow Up Turkish War Council -nyt19150428b
Kurds Renew Massacres -nyt19150501
"Spirit Of Doom" Hangs Over Turks -nyt19150505
Routed Turkish Army Pursued By Russian -nyt19150506
Missionaries In Danger -nyt19150510
Pleas For Armenians -nyt19150515
Armenians Attack 2 Turkish Divisions -nyt19150517
Details Of Armenian Plot -nyt19150519
Turkish Officers In Revolt? -nyt19150522
Armenians May Aid Allies - Russians Save
 Armenians -nyt19150525
Turkish Defeat On Dardanelles -nyt19150601
More Armenian Massacres -nyt19150606
Guerrills Warfare in Armenia -nyt19150618
The Turk Unveiled -ld19150626
Russian Here For Cotton -nyt19150731
Found Turks Confident -nyt19150805
Turks' Sop To Armenians -nyt19150825
Says Enver Plots Massacre -nyt19150831
Laud Our Ambassador -nyt19150908
Defense Committee Corners Supplies -nyt19150913
The Menace Of Djemal Pasha -nyt19150912
Would Send Here 550,000 Armenians -nyt19150914
Admires Morgenthau Plan -nyt19150915
The Death Of Armenia -nyt19150917b
Several American Missionaries Dead -nyt19150918
Rescued 5,000 Armenians -nyt19150923
Special Cable -nyt19150924b
German Missionary Aids -nyt19150925
Missions Board To Appeal -nyt19150925b
No Help For Armenians -nyt19150927b
Armenian Atrocities Scouted By Bernstorff -nyt19150928
Armenians' Own Fault, Bernstorff Now Says -nyt19150929a
Ambassador Inquiry -nyt19150929b
Presses Armenian Plan -nyt19151002
Turks Renew Attacks Against Christians -nyt19151004b
Russians Repulse Turks -nyt19151006
German Directed The Turks At Van -nyt19151006a
Morgenthau Giving Relief -nyt19151006b
Already Has $75,000 To Help Armenians -nyt19151007b
None Is Without Shame -nyt19151008a
Criticises Mr. Morgenthau -nyt19151008b
Sends $100,000 To Aid Armenian Refugees -nyt19151009a
Why We Aid Armenians -nyt19151009b
A Hope For Armenians -nyt19151009c
Armenian Appeal By Bryce In Full -nyt19151010a
Pleas For Armenia By Germany Futile -nyt19151010b
To Plead For Armenians -nyt19151011a
Riots In Constantinople -nyt19151011b
Spare Armenians, Pope Asks Sultan -nyt19151011c
Turkish Horrors In Persia -nyt19151011d
Turks Fear Armenians -nyt19151013a
Armenian Protests Charged To Allies -nyt19151013b
Turkish Official Denies Atrocities -nyt19151015
Says Only Germany Can Save Armenians -nyt19151016a
Armenians Thank Wilson -nyt19151016c
The Kind Of Armenians A Turk Knows -nyt19151018a
Plans Armenian Corps To Fight For The Allies -nyt19151019b
Undeleted -nyt19151019c
Armenians Thank Pope -nyt19151021a
Eager To Fight Turks -nyt19151021b
Only 200,000 Armenians Now Left In Turkey -nyt19151022a
Accuse Armenians Of Wronging Turks -nyt19151022b
Mr. Yarrow Did Not Say It -nyt19151024
Can't Defend Armenians -nyt19151025
The Light That May Go Out In Turkey -nyt19151028
Turkish Spies In Hotel -nyt19151029
Turks Opposing Germans -nyt19151030a
City City Women's Clubs For Trading
Stamps -nyt19151030b
Protest of German Teachers Against
 Massacres Of Armenians -nyt191511
Armenians' Deaths Laid To The Turks -nyt19151113a
A Missionary Poisoned -nyt19151113b
Church Plea For Armenia -nyt19151114
Says Lady Paget Will Keep Up Work -nyt19151117a
Denies Blame In Armenia -nyt19151117b
Rebel Turk For Armenians -nyt19151122
Turkey Is Uneasy Over German Army -nyt19151123
Plan To Reconquer All Moslem World -nyt19151128
Refugees From Adana here -nyt19151127b
To Aid Armenian Orphans -nyt19151127c
How Turkish Empire Should Be Made After The War -nyt19150124
More Aid For Armenians -nyt19151210
Looks To Germany To Set Turkey Free -nyt19151222a
As To Moslem Unity -nyt19151222b
Germany Protested Armenian Massacres -nyt19151223a
Bulgars And Armenians -nyt19151223b
Turkey's Past And Future -nyt19160103
500 Armenians Slain Under Turkish Order -nyt19160115
Saved By American Consul -nyt19160118
Submarines And Armenia -nyt19160126a
Bryce Asks America To Succor Armenians -nyt19160126b
Saw Armenians Go Starving To Exile -nyt19160216
Tells Of Great Plain Black With Refugees -nyt19160207
American Burned Alive By Turks -nyt19160208
Ransoms Armenian Girls -nyt19160213
Appeals For Armenians -nyt19160218
Promising To Hang Some Turks -nyt19160222
Bryce Trust America -nyt19160223
Detail Armenians' Plight -nyt19160302
Plea For the Armenians -nyt19160305
Russians Slaughter Turkish Third Army -nyt19160306
Armenians Get Relief -nyt19160308
Russians Seize Port Of Rizeh -nyt19160309
Morgenthau Sees Wilson -nyt19160310
Beat Off 4,000 Turks -nyt19160312
Lord Bryce's Report On Turkish Atrocities In Armenia -nyt191611a
The Total Of Armenian And Syrian Dead -nyt191611b
Turkish Foreign Minister's Defense Of Armenian Massacres -nyt191612
Behind The Turkish Barrier -nyt19161220
Horrors of Armenian Encampments -nyt191702a
Armenian And Civilization -nyt191702b
The Armenian Tragedy -nyt191702
Armenians Killed With Axes By Turks -nyt191711b
Tallat Says Turks Fight For Life -nyt19180217
Handful Of Earth -nyt191804
Heir Apparent Blames ex-Ministers -nyt19181127
Millions Slain By Turks -nyt19181206
Sultan Searching Out Authors Of Killings -nyt19181207
Turk Chamber Dissolved -nyt19181227
Armenians Issue Protest -nyt19181230
 Tells Of Turk Atrocities -nyt19190103
Saw Turkish Atrocities -nyt19190131
Saw Armenians Drowned in Groups -nyt19190203
Turkish Trails Begin -nyt19190212
'Ravished Armenia' In Film -nyt19190215
Show "Ravished Armenia" -nyt19190217
A Scapegoat Sought In Turkey -nyt19190219
Enver's 100,000 -nyt19190311
Wants An Armenian Inquiry -nyt19190313
Turks Hang Kemal Bey For Armenian Massacres -nyt19190414
Still Murder Armenians -nyt19190419
Execution Of Kemal Bey -nyt19190420
Armenian Girls Tell Of Massacres -nyt19190601
Reports Asia Minor Looking To America -nyt19190607
Turkey Condemns Its War Leaders -nyt19190713
Turks To Ask Allies To Let Them Extradite Enver Pasha -nyt19190720a
Tells Of Armenian's Woes -nyt19190720b
Armenian Tells Of Death Pilgrimage -nyt19190727
Stories Of Liberated Armenians -nyt191907
Germany And The Armenian Massacres -nyt191911
Talaat Pasha Slain In Berlin Suburb -nyt19210316
Assassin Boats Of Talaat's Death -nyt19210317
Talaat Is Mourned As Germany's Friend -nyt19210318
Says Mother's Ghost Ordered Him To Kill -nyt19210603
 Armenian Acquitted For Killing Talaat -nyt19210604
They Simply Had To Let Him Go -nyt19210606
An Armenian In America -nyt19210629
Why Talaat's Assassin Was Acquitted -nyt192107
Crimes Of Turkish Misrule -nyt192210a
The Massacres Of Armenians In 1915 -nyt192210b
Cowardice Of The Policy That Permitted And Abetted The Crime -nyt191711a
Whole Plains Strewn By Armenian Bodies -nyt19150320
Manoog Piligian
Pere Charmetant
Stephen Kinzer
Erdem Sahin


Armenian Genocide FrontPage Armenian History FrontPage Armenian Apostolic Church Lebanon FrontPage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1,500,000 ARMENIANS STARVE

September 5, 1915

Relief, Committee Asks Aid for Victims of Turkish Decrees

The American Armenian Relief Fund Committee has received two letters from Constantinople describing the horrors to which the Armenian Christians in Turkey are being subjected. One letter, dated June 15, says in part:

"The Turkish Government is executing today the plan of scattering the Armenians of the Armenian provinces, profiting from the troubles of the European powers and from the acquiescence of Germany and Austria."

"These people are being removed without any of their goods and chattels, and to places where the climate is totally unsuited to them. They are left without shelter, without food, and without clothing, depending only upon the morsels of bread which the Government will throw before them, a Government which is unable even to feed its own troops."

"It is impossible to read or to hear, without shedding tears, even the meager details of these deportations. Most of the families have traveled on foot, old men and children have died on the way, young women in child-birth have been left on mountain passes, and at least ten deaths a day are recorded among them even in their place of exile victims of hunger and sickness. It has not been possible as yet to forward any help to Sultanieh, owing to the interdiction of the Government, in spite of the efforts of the American Ambassador, whose philanthropic and generous endeavors in aid of the Armenians are gratefully acknowledged."

The second letter, dated July 12 says:

"The condition of the Armenians is extremely aggravated since my last letter. It is not the Armenian population of Cilicia only which has been deported wholesale and exiled to the deserts. Armenian communities from all the provinces of Armenia, from Erzerum, Trebizond, Sivas, Harput, Bitlis, Van, and Diarbekir, also from Samsun, Caesarea and Urfa - a population of 1,500,000 are marching today, the stick of forced pilgrimage in hand, toward the Mesopotamian wilderness, to live among Arabian and Kurdish savage tribes. Very few of them will be able to reach the spots designated for their exile, and those who do will perish from starvation, if no immediate relief reaches them."

"It is in the name of a starving population of 1,500,000 that urgent appeals should be made to the charitable public of America."

The Armenian Relief Fund Committee believes that unless immediate aid is forthcoming future efforts will be unavailing. The Treasurers of the committee are Brown Brothers Co. 59 Wall Street.



                                              THE MASSACRES OF ARMENIANS IN 1915


A Monthly Magazine of the New York Times

By George R. Montgomery
Director of the Armenia-America Society

A refutation, from authentic sources, of the allegation that the Turks were not guilty of wholesale slaughter of the Armenians - Testimony of German and Turkish eyewitnesses of the crime

In the September issue of Current History Rear Admiral Colby M. Chester (retired) had an article entitled "Turkey Reinterpreted," in the course of which, along with other misstatements, he made the following assertion:

So, the Armenians were moved from the inhospitable regions where they were not welcome and could not actually prosper to the most delightful and fertile part of Syria. Those from the mountains were taken into Mesopotamia , where the climate is as benign as in Florida and California, whither New York Millionaires journey every year for health and recreation. All this was done at great expense of money and effort, and the general outside report was that all, or at least many, had been murdered.

It seems almost a pity to upset the good old myth of Turkish viciousness and terribleness, but in the interest of accuracy I find myself constrained to do so, although it makes ma feel a bit like one who is compelled to tell a child that Jack the Giant Killer really found no monstrous men to slay.

In due of time the deportees, entirely unmassacred, and fat and prosperous, returned (if they wished so to do), and an English prisoner of war who was in one of the vacated owns after it had been repopulated told me that he found it filled with these astonishing living ghosts. A against these untrue words I quote extracts from a letter addressed in January, 1919, from Berlin, to President Wilson by Ramin T. Wegner, a German eyewitness of the Armenian deportations: A one of the few Europeans who have been eyewitnesses of the dreadful destruction of the Armenian people from its beginning in the fruitful fields of Anatolia up to the wiping out of the mournful remnants of the race on the banks of the Euphrates, I venture to claim the right of setting before you these pictures of misery and terror which passed before my eyes during nearly two years, and which will never be obliterated from my mind. * * *

  • * * But what is Siberia compared with the Mesopotamian steppes? There we find a long tract of land without grass, without trees, without cattle, covered with stunted weeds, a country where the only inhabitants are Arab Bedouins, destitute of all pity; a stretch of gray limestone plains miles in extent, bare wastes of rock and stone, ruined river banks, exposed to the rays of a merciless sun, ceaseless Autumn rains and frosty Winter nights. Leaving sheets of ice behind them. Except its two large rivers there is no water. The few small villages scarcely suffice to feed a handful of Bedouins, who in their wretched poverty regard any traveler as a welcome prey. * * *

The Armenians were driven into this desolate waste with the alleged purpose of forcibly transplanting them from their homes to a strange land - a purpose which, even had it been the real one, is repugnant to every human feeling. * * *

Parties which on their departure from the homeland of High Armenia consisted of thousands, numbered on their arrival in the outskirts of Aleppo only a few hundreds, while the fields were strewn with their odors, lying about desecrated, naked, having been robbed of their clothes, or driven, bound back to back, to the Euphrates to provide food for the fishes. When in the desert I went through the deportees' camp. When I sat in their tents with the starving and dying I felt their supplicating hands in mine, and the voices of their priests, who had blessed many of the dead on their last journey to the grave, adjured me to plead for them, if I were ever in Europe again. * * *

I am making no accusation against Islam. The spirit of every great religion is noble, and the conduct of many a Mohammedan has made us blush for the deeds of Europe. I do not accuse the simple people of Turkey, whose souls are full of goodness; but I do not think that the members of the ruling class will ever, in the course of history, be capable of making their country happy, for they have destroyed our belief in their capacity for civilization. * * *

With the ardor of one who has experienced unspeakable, humiliating sorrows in his own tortured soul, I utter the voice of those unhappy ones whose despairing cries I had to hear without being able to still them, whose cruel deaths I could only helplessly mourn, whose bones bestrew the deserts of the Euphrates, and whose limbs once more become alive in my heart and admonish me to speak.

Once already have I knocked at the door of the American people when I bought the petition of the deportees from their camps at Meskene and Aleppo to your embassy at Constantinople, and I know that this has not been in vain.

If you, Mr. president, have, indeed, made the sublime idea of championing oppressed nations the guiding principle of your policy, you will not fail to perceive that even in these words a mighty voice speaks, the only that has the right to be heard at all times - the voice of humanity.

As against Admiral Chester's words, I quote also from the pen of Ali Kemal Bey, then Minister of the Interior at Constantinople:

What are the facts of the case? Four or five years ago a crime universal and unique in history was being perpetrated in our country. Taking into consideration the gigantic magnitude and extent of the crime, it could not have been committed by four or five people, but proportionately by hundreds of thousands. If the victims had been 300.000 instead of 600.000 - if they had been even 200.000 or 100.000, 100.500 or even 1.000 criminals could not have wiped out so many people. It is already a proved fact this crime was mapped out and decreed by the General Centre of the Ittihad.

The following letter was written by a Swiss who had an opportunity to visit some of the deportees while they were passing through Cilicia and before they had reached the desert. It is dated Nov.16, 1915, and is printed in the late Lord Bryce's notable book, "The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire":

I have just returned from a ride on horseback through the Baghtche-Osmania Plain, where thousands of exiles are lying out in the fields and on the roads, without any shelter, and completely at the mercy of all manner of brigands. Last night, about 12 o'clock, a little camp was suddenly attacked. There were about fifty to sixty persons in it. I found men and women badly wounded - bodies slashed open, broken skulls and terrible knife wounds. Fortunately I was provided with clothes, so I could change their blood-soaked things, and then bring then to the next inn, where they were nursed. Many of them were so much exhausted from the enormous loss of blood that they died, I fear, in the meantime. In another camp we found thirty or forty thousand Armenians. I was able to distribute bread among them. Desperate and half-starved, they fell upon it: several times I was almost pulled down off my horse. A number of corpses were lying about unburied, and it was only by bringing the gendarmes that we could induce them to allow their burial. Mostly, the Armenians are not allowed to perform the last offices of love their relatives. Dreaded epidemics of typhoid fever broke out everywhere; there was a victim of it practically in every third tent. Nearly everything had to be transported on foot; men, women and children carried their few belongings on their backs. I often saw them break down under their burden, but the soldiers kept on driving them forward with the butt-ends of their rifles, even sometimes with their bayonets.

I quote the words written by Deschanel, when President of the French Chamber of Deputies and later President of France, in the introduction to "Au Pays de l'Epouvante," which was written by Henry Barby, the war correspondent of Le Journal:

At the beginning of 1915 there were in Turkey 2.000.000 Armenians, of whom less than 900.000 survive today, and the murdering of these more than a million people has been carried out with the most shameful cruelty. They were not all sent in platoons to execution. Those who were shot were the least unfortunate, because their suffering was short. Many hundred thousands of them were deported , constituting those sinister death caravans. * * * The Armenians furnished no provocation; they were mere victims. Their killing was consummated through a carefully prearranged plan. The infamous work was carried out systematically, so that not a city, not a village, not a family was spared.

I quote the words written by Herr Stuermer, Constantinople correspondent of the Kölnische Zeitung, in his book, "Zwei Kriegsjahre in Constantinople," published in 1917:

Here I can only give my final judgment on all these pros and cons, and say to the best of my knowledge and opinion that after the first act in this drama of massacre and death - the brutal "evacuation of the war zone" in Armenia proper - the meanest, the lowest, the most cynical, most criminal act of race fanaticism that the history of mankind has to show was the extension of the system of deportation, with its willful neglect and starvation of the victims, to further hundreds of thousands of Armenians in the capital and interior. And these were people who, through their place of residence, their preoccupation in work and wage-earning, were quite incapable of taking any active part in politics. * * *

With the most cold-blooded calculation and method, the numbers of Armenians to be deported were divided out over a period of many months; indeed, one may say over nearly a year and a half. * * * For the most part it was the sad fate of those deported to be sent off on an endless journey by foot to the far-off Arabian frontier, where they were treated with the most terrible brutality. There, in the midst of a population wholly foreign and but little sympathetic to their race, left to their fate on a barren mountainside, without money, without shelter, without medical assistance, without the means of earning a livelihood, they perished in want and misery.

The women and children were always separated from the men. That was characteristic of all the deportations. It was an attempt to strike at the very core of their national being and annihilate them by the tearing asunder of all family ties. That was how a very large part of the Armenian people disappeared.***

That stream of unhappy beings trickled on ever more slowly to its distant goal, leaving the dead bodies of women and children , old men and boys, as milestones to mark the way. The few that did reach the "settlement" alive - that is, the fever-ridden, hunger-stricken concentration camps - continually molested by raiding Bedouins and Kurds, gradually sickened and died a slower and even more horrible death.

Herr Stuermer's courageous setting forth of the facts in his correspondence to the Kölnische Zeitung and in letters to the German Foreign Office during the war resulted in his losing his position and necessitated his becoming an exile.

Had Admiral Chester looked the subject up in Current History he would have read in the July number for 1921 an article where facsimiles were given of some of the official Turkish documents bearing on the horrors of the deportations. The incriminating character of these documents was sufficient to win the acquittal of Talaat Pasha's assassin before a German jury. The official Turkish documents proved to be the express intent of the Turkish authorities and proved that they were not due to the savagery of unrestrained soldiers. A report dated Feb.26, 1916, from Committee for Settling the Deportees, was found among the official papers, and along with many similar documents has been included by Aram Andonian in "The memoirs of Naim Bey," published by Hodder & Stoughtin. It reads as follows:

I report for your information that hardly a quarter of the Armenians sent to the desert have arrived at their destination, with the exception of those sent to Syria as artisans. The rest have died from natural causes on the way. We have taken in hand measures to send also those that were for various reasons left in Aleppo.

The horrors and massacres of the deportation are not something with regard to which there are two sides. No Turkish writer has ever ventured to deny them, because they are established and attested beyond the shadow of a question. Yet in the face of facts never before denied, Admiral Chester does deny them, and says that doing s makes him feel "a bit like one who is compelled to tell a child that Jack the Giant Killer really found no monstrous men to slay." The Admiral quotes "an English prisoner of war who was in one of the vacated towns after it was repopulated" as saying that "he found it filled with these astonishing living ghosts." The Admiral adds: "In due course of time the deportees, entirely unmassacred and fat and prosperous, returned if they wished to do so." The vacated town to which he refers is doubtless Adana. Does the Admiral not know that after the armistice the French gathered up the 150.000 of the deportees that had survived them into Cilicia, whose capital city Adana is, with the promise and expectation of making Cilicia into an autonomous Armenia?

Dr. Johannes Lepsius, who has had access to German and Turkish official reports, in his book, "Deutschland und Armenien," published in 1919, makes the following estimate of losses:

According to the Patriarch's lists, the total number of Armenians in Turkey [at the beginning of the war] was 1.845.450. If those who fled into the Transcaucasus and into Egypt are estimated at 244.400, and those who were not deported at 204.700, the total number of deportees would be 1.396.350. According to the latest accounts, those who are still living in the districts around the desert [Mosul, Mesopotamia and Syria] are some 200.000 to 250.000. If, furthermore, we assume that 200.000 have either become Moslems or represent the women and children in Turkish homes, that would mean that a round million of the Armenians met their death.

To show the utter untruth of Admiral Chester's assertions. I have brought forward testimony of Germans and Turks because such testimony is rather unfamiliar to the American public and also because the Germans were allies of the Turks in the war. I could adduce any amount more of testimony if more were required. Perhaps I have attached too much importance to Admiral Chester's misstatements. It is important, however, that there remain clear-cut on the pages of history, as one phase of the World War, the terrible tragedy of the Armenian deportations. As Herr Stuermet says in his book already quoted from:

This terrible catalogue of crime on the part of the Government of Talaat is, however, in spite of all censorship and obstruction, being dealt with officially in all quarters of the globe - by the American Embassy at Constantinople and in neutral and Entente countries - and at the conclusion of peace it will be brought as an accusation against the criminal brotherhood of Young Turks by a merciless court of all the civilized nations of the world. * * * The mixture of cowardice, lack of conscience and lack of foresight of which our [Imperial German] Government has been guilty in Armenian affairs is quite enough to undermine completely the political loyalty of any thinking man who has any regard for humanity and civilization. Every German cannot be expected to bear as lightheartedly as the diplomats of Pera the shame of having history point to the fact that the annihilation, with every refinement of cruelty, of a people of high social development, numbering over one and a half million, was contemporaneous with Germany's greatest power in Turkey.

These great facts must be perfectly clear, and the ill-informed or careless words of a retired American Rear Admiral, falsifying the facts, should not be allowed to stand without complete refutation.

A hard copy of this article or hundreds of others from the time of the Armenian Genocide can be found in The Armenian Genocide: News Accounts From The American Press: 1915-1922



Many articles about the Armenian Genocide were printed in the New York Times at the time it was taking place. You can read them at: Armenian Genocide Contemporary Articles.

Armenian National Committee of New York
PO Box 693 Woodside, NY 11377


For Immediate Release ~ 2004-04-17
Contact: Tony Vartanian ~ tonyvartanian @


ANCA Welcomes Historic Move by Newspaper to Properly Characterize Armenian Genocide WOODSIDE, NY - The New York Times has lifted its long-standing policy against the use of the term "Armenian Genocide," reported the Armenian National Committee (ANC) of New York.

According to a news release by the International Association of Genocide Scholars, The New York Times revised guideline for journalists states that "after careful study of scholarly definitions of 'genocide,' we have decided to accept the term in references to the Turks' mass destruction of Armenians in and around 1915." The policy goes on to note that "the expression 'Armenian genocide' may be used freely and should not be qualified with phrasing like 'what Armenians call,' etc."

The New York Times guidelines continue, noting that, "by most historical accounts, the Ottoman empire killed more than one million Armenians in a campaign of death and mass deportation aimed at eliminating the Armenian population throughout what is now Turkey." Finally it advises journalists that "while we may of course report Turkish denials on those occasions when they are relevant, we should not couple them with the historians' findings, as if they had equal weight."

"We welcome this decision taken by the New York Times as a meaningful step toward ending official U.S. complicity in the Turkish government's campaign to deny the Armenian Genocide," said ANC of New York Chairperson Tony Vartanian. "We appreciate the tremendous contribution of all organizations, historians and activists who, over the years, worked to provide the necessary information to the New York Times so that they can make this informed, but long overdue decision. Armenian Americans feel a tremendous sense of pride that the Times - the paper of record - no longer actively participates in the denial of this great crime against humanity."

The New York Times’ recently released guidelines returns the newspaper to its policy of accurate reporting established during the years of the Armenian Genocide. Nearly 200 articles on the genocide were published by The New York Times between 1914 and 1922, all of which were compiled in a book by Richard Kloian entitled “The Armenian Genocide-News Accounts from the American Press: 1915-1922.”

For more than two decades, the ANC, working with its network of grassroots activists around the country, initiated several nationwide campaigns to press The New York Times to end its practice of dismissing the Armenian Genocide as simply an Armenian historical claim. Armenian Weekly editor Jason Sohigian has written extensively to the New York Times, working to provide timely information and input to the editorial staff.

Last year, the ANC of Eastern Massachusetts spearheaded the successful effort to urge the Boston Globe to suspend its policy against the use of the term "genocide" when referring to the Armenian Genocide. The decision was made in July 2003, setting a precedent for its parent company - The New York Times - to reexamine its policy.

The Armenian National Committee is the largest Armenian American grassroots political organization in New York and nationwide. The ANC actively advances a broad range of issues of concern to the Armenian American community.