Armenia and Cilicia. Part I: 830 - 1095
In the year 656,
Armenia was overrun by the expanding Arabs and became
part of the Arab Caliphate that by that time included
all of the Middle East, North Africa and parts of Europe.
However, the wars between
Byzantine Empire and partial disintegration of the
Caliphate, created pre-conditions for the restoration of
Armenian statehood, and in 884 grand Prince Ashot
Bagratouni was crowned as the new King of Armenia.
Death of Ashot
in 890, led to partial disintegration of the restored
kingdom. Ashot’s son Sembat and his heirs in fact
controlled only small territory in North-Western Armenia
while the rest of the kingdom was a conglomerate of
princely states (Vaspurakan, Sasun, syuniq, Khachen,
etc.) only nominally dependent of the Crown.
Armenia ca. 830 - 1020
Baghdad & other Arab States
Armenian Bagratides & its dependencies
Bagratide possessions & other Georg. states
Armenia and Karabakh
The beginning of
the 11th century was marked by the disastrous invasion
of the Seljuk Turks. In 1071 Seljuk army defeated
Armenians and their Byzantine (East Roman) allies in the
battle of Mantsikert, and by 1081, all of Armenia,
Anatolia and other countries of the area were conquered
and devastated by the Seljuks.
Thousands of Armenians among
them many aristocratic families fled their devastated
country and found refuge in mountainous Cilicia
partially Armenian-inhabited since the period of Tighran
empire (187-70 B.C.).
In the year
1081 new Armenian state sometimes mistakenly called
“Lesser Armenia” was proclaimed in Cilicia by Prince
Ruben related to the Bagratide Royal family.
Armenia and East Roman Empire ca 1000-1095.
Seljuk Expansion and Formation of Cilician Armenian
Caliphate & other arab states
seljuk turks by 1081
East Roman Empire after 1081
lands under seljukides sinse 1071
Kingdom in Cilicia Sinse 1081
Copyright © 1996-2005
Atlas of Conflicts, Andrew Andersen. All rights reserved.